Saturday, January 14, 2006

some great blog articles which i came across

On bangladesh Refugee Problem
http://o3.indiatimes.com/gov/archive/2006/01/08/405004.aspx

Wednesday, January 11, 2006

you me and everyone we know

A really nice movie i saw last night. It's like a poetry written on the morning dew.
A divorced shoe salesman trying to move on with two intelligent sons and his newly found love interest in a performing artist who also dubs as a cab driver.Each scene of movie has an emotion and all side stories are ccomplete in themselves.Worth mentioning are
1.the story of fish.How they pray for her before her imminent death.
2.when hero asks the lead actress that she doesn't deserve the pain,her grandfather comes and says start thinkinh from this moment,it may change your life.
3.When hero gets heroine out of his car for thursting her upon himself.
4.T-shirt of his ex-wife.
5.a video of you and me loving through shoes.
6.the small child rabby is hilarious and at the same time very normal.
7. The small girl cut off from friends and society and collecting her own dowry seems like nextdoor girl.When her friend gifts her a bid for her daughter it gives new dimensions to fiendship.

Today I also found an article in economic times suggesting mandatory quoting of PAN no for all cash transactions more than 1k and cheque transaction of more than 20K be it consumer goods market.elctricity ,phone bill or other things.I guess if we can evolve a good database managemnet system this could really work wonders.

Tuesday, January 10, 2006

where there is a will, a way will emerge

How Bihar was won

January 10, 2006

The Communist Party of India-Marxist, which leads the West Bengal government, has reacted angrily to the Election Commission's recent decision to send key officials -- including K J Rao, who became a celebrity for his fearless conduct of last autumn's election in Bihar -- to the state. Provoked, CPI-M doyen and former chief minister Jyoti Basu declared that' Bengal is not Bihar.'

Election Commissioner N Gopalaswamy outlines the lessons India has to learn from the Bihar election.

The recently-concluded election to the Bihar assembly have attracted nationwide attention and appreciation because of the extraordinarily (by Bihar standards) peaceful poll, perceived to be by far the fairest in that part of the country.

A keen watcher of the electoral scene in India remarked that this poll has demonstrated that the Election Commission of India has successfully migrated over the years from macro-management at the national level to booth-level management at the field level and this change of focus has led to the success of the Commission's campaign for a free and fair poll.

Complete Coverage: The Battle for Bihar

Naturally, one would be curious to know what steps went into making this change effective. The Commission has always believed that the first prerequisite for a free and fair poll is a clean and up-to-date electoral roll. The Commission has strived to achieve this but with varying degrees of success mostly decided by the level of commitment of the staff at the field level.

What made the difference this time in Bihar was the availability of the rolls in electronic form and technology-savvy officers. It is a lot easier now to scour the rolls for duplicate names and suspicious entries.

An exercise was undertaken to compare the mid-term population figures of citizens 18 years and above with the total of voters on the electoral rolls and identify the districts, talukas and villages showing conspicuous deviation and therefore requiring intervention to closely scrutinise the rolls.

A software programme generated a list of households showing more than 10 to 15 voters and these were also verified to eliminate the names of dead and migrated voters. These were combined with the use of photo-matching software to elicit possible duplicate entries from the Electoral Photo Identity Card records, and their subsequent verification led to the deletion of 18.31 lakh (1.831 million) voters and the addition of 4.83 lakh (483,000) new voters. The net reduction amounted to three percent of the state's electorate.

Simultaneously a campaign was mounted to raise the percentage of electors covered by EPIC. The constant review and monitoring of this work paid rich dividends in raising the overall EPIC coverage from 57 percent to 84 percent for the state, with some constituencies achieving 90 to 95 percent.

It became possible for the EC to insist on the production of card as proof of identity, thus doing away with less reliable and manipulation-prone documents. It was gratifying to see on poll days, electors proudly displaying their EPIC while awaiting their turn to vote. Given the worrying law and order situation, the phasing of the election and the induction of central paramilitary forces in substantial strength were important in ensuring a peaceful poll.

A part of the force was inducted a few weeks in advance in order to sanitise some areas by conducting raids to unearth illegal firearms and nab absconding criminals. A strict monitoring of the progress in the execution of non-bailable warrants issued by the courts helped to keep a check on criminals. On poll day, the endeavour was to cover almost all sensitive polling stations with armed police -- either from the central forces or the Bihar armed police.

The designation of a polling station as sensitive is always a contentious issue between the different political parties. They try to influence the local administration and in the past there were allegations that the district administration was influenced by the government of the day or by influential politicians.

This time the Election Commission team consisting of Chief Electoral Officer Bihar N K Sinha and Deputy Election Commissioner Anand Kumar worked out a list of sensitive polling stations for each constituency using past electoral data and inputs from the district administration, Election Commissioner observers in the field and senior state police officers. The final list of sensitive booths left very little scope for manipulation or complaints. The phasing of the elections also helped to improve and maximise the armed police cover. The effect of changing the election dates of some constituencies also helped increase armed police cover to practically 95 percent of the polling stations in every phase.

Thus the holding of the poll on seven days instead of four days helped in eliminating booth capture, and re-polls came down substantially, from about 1,764 in the February-March 2005 assembly election to 301 in the October-November 2005 election.

The Election Commission's no-nonsense approach in transferring poor performers or partisan officials and inducting efficient and neutral officers sent the right signals to the bureaucracy to perform without fear or favour.

One is sorry and also loath to admit it, but it is true that the state being under President's Rule helped as the state administration was more forthcoming and its officials were not subjected to contrary pulls.

The constant monitoring and frequent visits by the Commission itself and the frequent visits by its adviser K J Rao, especially his supervision on the poll days, all helped to create the right atmosphere for a poll.

Much has been said about the low polling in Bihar. It is true that compared to the Lok Sabha election of May 2004 (58 percent), polling was lower by about 12 percentage points in the assembly poll at 46.47 percent in February-March 2005. But ascribing it to the presence of a large posse of armed police, as some quarters have alleged, would be totally wrong.

If this argument were to be true, then one should have had an even lower level of polling in the October-November 2005 election as compared to February-March poll because the armed police coverage this time was substantially higher: almost twice. But the polling percentage was more or less the same at 45.59 percent in October-November 2005 even when the overall electors' strength went down by 2.5 percent.

Having said that, it is necessary to admit that if half the electorate does not consider it worthwhile exercising its franchise, there is something seriously amiss requiring remedial measures.

Over the years the Election Commissioner has also been very strictly monitoring the actions of governments and political parties to ensure their adherence to the Model Code of Conduct. That document itself is in a way a symbol of the democratic spirit of our political parties as it was evolved by them by consensus, in the quest for setting up a level-playing field, with the EC designated as the umpire to administer it.

While on the one hand some dent has been made in electoral expenses with the Election Commission keeping a strict watch and accounting for expenditure on publicity and campaigning by restraining posters, wall-writing and so on by individual candidates, it is common knowledge that the ceiling on election expenditure is observed more in breach.

Further, there is a glaring loophole in the law in that there is no ceiling on expenditure by a party organisation. The burgeoning of money power in elections is a cause for serious concern and can be ignored only at the cost of undermining democracy. State funding of candidates without putting a ceiling on party expenditure monitoring would be an exercise in futility and would not solve the problem.

There can be no free and fair elections if money power and muscle power decide the outcome. Right thinking citizens need to ponder the question as to how money power in elections can be curbed. Perhaps the greater transparency in governance that can come about by a vigilant public opinion stridently exercising its right to information holds the promise and answer to that question.

The strong stand taken by the Supreme Court and many high courts in poll-related litigation has struck a blow for the empowerment of voters and civil society.

Another good augury is the emergence of civil society groups and the vigil mounted by a proactive media, which will certainly help to improve the quality of the polls.

India will be a sham democracy if the very foundation of a democratic polity, namely free and fair elections, are missing from the scene.

It needs the coming together of all the stakeholders -- the citizens at large, the Election Commission and the political class. When that happens our dream of seeing free, fair and peaceful polls like it happens in many other countries will turn to reality.

That will be the day when Indians could proudly say that India is also truly a democracy.

N Gopalaswamy is one of India's Election Commissioners

Saturday, January 07, 2006

new year and us

Well for new year what are the things that one can desire in higher educatinoscenorio in India.
1.As far as engineering is concerned ,we don't need new colleges now.yeah their geographical spread s very skewd but nothing can be done about it .At least in souther n states new colleges should not be allowed to open.
2.Too many colleges and too less faculty.Ask private colleges which are free to charge hefty fees that pay your teachers handsomely that way we might retain some of better brains.
3.A comon grouse in iits and other govt college is that they teach too theoretical things.people from industry should be allowed to teach on part time basis waving the requirements of a phd. Moreover a Phd person is more research oriented while mandate of IIT is to provide technical manpower,so more industry interaction is required.
4.A common entrance exam for engineering is laready in place.Ideally there should be only three exams,IIT JEE, AIEEE and state engineering tests.AIEEE and IITs should give people percentile ranks which can be utilized by other colleges to grant admission.
Those private colleges which claim to have different set of criteria can be silenced by introducing one more paper in AIEEE comprising of GK,English and logical ability or IQ.Those who want can use scores of this papers also.Pvt colleges should also use these scores.

Thursday, January 05, 2006

wither indian judiciary

Triple Talaq: SC notice to Orissa Govt. on Muslim couple's plea

New Delhi, Jan. 5 (PTI): The Supreme Court on Wednesday sought explanation from the Orissa Government on a petition by a Muslim Couple that the State was not providing them protection to live together after local community forced them to stay separately claiming the husband had uttered "triple talaq" while intoxicated.

A Bench headed by Justice Ruma Pal issued notice to the State Government on a petition challenging the Orissa High Court judgment which did not give relief to the couple.

The couple Nizama Bibi and Ser Mohammad has sought a direction for the police for taking immediate action against those villagers who are threatening and not permitting them to reside together with their four minor children.

Their counsel said interference by the local community was affecting their fundamental right to stay together.

"An impression seems to be created that mobs have a right to take law into their hands and the police will not intervene because it is supposedly a religious matter," the petition said adding that "even if they are religious matters they must bend in favour of fundamental right",

The sordid tale for the couple began when on July 15, 200 some members of the community said that the husband while intoxicated uttered triple talaq, a claim denied by both.

The petition said upset with the attitude of community they approached the Mufti who on September 11, 2003 issued a fatwa to the effect that the divorce was not effective as triple talaq was uttered under intoxication.

However, a mob approached another Mufti on September 28, 2003 and obtained another fatwa to the contrary, they claimed.